Salford PsyTech Open Materials

Collection of popular tasks and questionnaires created/collated by Salford PsyTech. References are provided within the version history of each task.

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Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT)

Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) questionnaire. Citation: World Health Organization. (‎2001)‎. AUDIT : the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test : guidelines for use in primary health care / Thomas F. Babor ... [‎et al.]‎, 2nd ed. World Health Organization.

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Alcohol Stroop Task

Alcohol Stroop task based on Sharma, Alberry and Cook (2001).

200 trials with 16 practice trials.

Citation: Sharma, D., Albery, I. P., & Cook, C. (2001). Selective attentional bias to alcohol related stimuli in problem drinkers and non‐problem drinkers. Addiction, 96(2), 285-295.

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Article on publishers website:

Perceived Stress Questionnaire (For recent experience)

30 item questionnaire for measuring perceived stress over the last month.

Citation: Reference: Levenstein, S., Prantera, C., Varvo, V., Scribano, M. L., Berto, E., Luzi, C., & Andreoli, A. (1993). Development of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire: a new tool for psychosomatic research. Journal of psychosomatic research, 37(1), 19-32.

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Emotional Stroop Task

Based on: Mitterschiffthaler, M., Williams, S., Walsh, N., Cleare, A., Donaldson, C., Scott, J., & Fu, C. (2007). Neural basis of the emotional Stroop interference effect in major depression. Psychological Medicine, 38(2), 247-256. doi: 10.1017/s0033291707001523

80 trials (40 'low valence', 40 'neutral' + 10 practice trials).

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Deffenbacher Driving Anger Scale

14 item questionnaire for measuring anger whilst in a driving scenario.

Citation: Deffenbacher, J.L., Oetting, E.R., & Lynch, R.S. (1994). Development of a Driving Anger Scale. Psychological Reports, 74, 83-91.

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The Big Five Inventory (BFI)

44 item questionnaire that measures an individual on five main areas of personality.

Citation: John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big-Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (Vol. 2, pp. 102–138). New York: Guilford Press.

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Aggression Questionnaire

29 item questionnaire regarding how aggressive someone is.

Citation: Buss, A.H., & Perry, M. (1992). The Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 452-459.

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Attitudes Towards Women Scale

25 item questionnaire that indicates different statements describing opinions towards the roles women have in society.

Citation: Spence, J.T., Helmreich, R., & Stapp, J. (1973). A short version of the Attitudes toward Women Scale (AWS). Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 2, 219-220.

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Authoritarianism - Rebellion Scale

30 item questionnaire regarding an individuals political attitudes.

Citation: Kohn, P.M. (1972). The Authoritarianism-Rebellion scale: A balanced F Scale with left-wing reversals. Sociometry, 35, 176-189.

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Body Awareness Questionnaire

18 item scale regarding how sensitive an individual is to body processes.

Citations: Shields, S.A., Mallory, M.E., & Simon, A. (1989). The Body Awareness Questionnaire: Reliability and validity. Journal of Personality Assessment, 53, 802-815.

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Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34)

34 item questionnaire looking at how people feel about their appearance.

Citations: Cooper, P., Taylor, M., Cooper, Z. and Fairbum, C. (1987). The development and validation of the body shape questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6(4), pp.485-494. Wade T. (2016) Body Shape Questionnaire. In: Wade T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Feeding and Eating Disorders. Springer, Singapore

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Academic Self-Efficacy Scale

40 item questionnaire regarding beliefs about learning.

Citations: M. Jerusalem, & R. Schwarzer. Fragebogen zur Erfassung von “Selbstwirksamkeit. Skalen zur Befindlichkeit und Personenlichkeit In R. Schxarzer (Ed.). Freie Universitaet, Institut fer Psychologie, Berlin, 1981. Satici, S. and Can, G. (2016). Investigating Academic Self-efficacy of University Students in Terms of Socio-demographic Variables. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 4(8), pp.1874-1880.

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Brief Resilience Scale (BRS)

6 item questionnaire regarding how well individuals can cope with difficulties.

Citation: Smith, B. W., Dalen, J., Wiggins, K., Tooley, E., Christopher, P., & Bernard, J. (2008). The brief resilience scale: assessing the ability to bounce back. International journal of behavioral medicine, 15(3), 194-200.

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Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)

20 Item questionnaire screening for depression in patients with chronic disease.

Citation: Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurements, 1, 385-401.

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Community Attitudes Towards The Mentally Ill

40 item questionnaire looking at attitudes towards the mentally ill.

Citations: Wolff, G., Pathare, S., Craig, T. and Leff, J. (1996). Community Attitudes to Mental Illness. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168(2), pp.183-190.

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Computer Anxiety Rating Scale

19 item questionnaire looking at anxiety involved with computers.

Citations: Heinssen, Jr., R., Glass, C, and Knight, L. (1987). Assessing computer anxiety: Development and validation of the Computer Anxiety Rating Scale. Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 3 , pp. 49-59.

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False Facebook Self Questionnaire

59 item questionnaire regarding how someone presents themselves on Facebook.

Citation: Gil-Or, O., Levi-Belz, Y. and Turel, O. (2015). The “Facebook-self”: characteristics and psychological predictors of false self-presentation on Facebook. Frontiers in Psychology, 6.

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Fat Phobia Scale: The Short Form

14 item questionnaire regarding beliefs and feelings towards people who are fat or obese.

Citations: Robinson, B., Bacon, L. and O'reilly, J. (1993). Fat phobia: Measuring, understanding, and changing anti-fat attitudes. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 14(4), pp.467-480.

Bacon JG, Scheltema KE, Robinson BE. Fat phobia scale revisited: the short form. International Journal of Obesity. 2001; 25: 252-257.

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Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale

35 item questionnaire.

Citations:Stoeber, Joachim. (2000). Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale.

Frost, R. O., & Marten, P. A. (1990). Perfectionism and evaluative threat. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 559-572.

Stober, J. (1998). The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale: More perfect with four (instead of six) dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences, 24(4), 481-491.

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General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE)

35 item questionnaire aiming to predict how people cope with daily hassles and adapting after stressful life events.

Citation: Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized Self-Efficacy scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnston, Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp. 35-37).

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Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale

7 item questionnaire that measures severity of anxiety.

Citation: Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Williams JBW, Lowe B. A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder. Arch Inern Med. 2006;166:1092-1097.

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Impact of events scale - Revised (IES-R)

22 item questionnaire that reflects the DSM-IV criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Citation: Creamer, M. Bell, R. & Falilla, S. (2002). Psychometric properties of the Impact of Event ScaleRevised. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 41: 1489-1496.

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Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Inventory (ISMI)

29 item questionnaire.

Citations: Boyd, J. E., Katz, E. P., Otilingam, P. O., Roberts, T. (In press). Internalized stigma of mental illness (ISMI) scale: A multinational review. Comprehensive Psychiatry.

Boyd, J. E., Otilingam, P. G., DeForge, B. R. (in press). Brief Version of the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) Scale: Psychometric Properties and Relationship to Depression, Self Esteem, Recovery Orientation, Empowerment, and Perceived Devaluation and Discrimination. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal.

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Interpersonal Reactivity Index

28 item questionnaire regarding empathy.

Citations: Davis, M.H. (1980). A multidimensional approach to individual differences in empathy. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, 85.

Davis, M.H. (1983). Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 113-126.

Davis, M.H. (1996). Empathy: A social psychological approach. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

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Job Satisfaction Survey

36 item questionnaire.

Citation: Spector, P. E. (1994). Job satisfaction survey.

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Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale (MISS-21)

29 item questionnaire.

Citation:Richard Meakin, John Weinman, The ‘Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale’ (MISS-21) adapted for British general practice, Family Practice, Volume 19, Issue 3, June 2002, Pages 257–263,

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Mental Health Literacy Scale

35 item questionnaire looking at the respondents understanding of mental health.

Citation: O'Connor, M., & Casey, L. (2015). The Mental Health Literacy Scale (MHLS): A new scale-based measure of mental health literacy. Psychiatry Research, 229(1-2), 511-516. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.064

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Passionate Love Scale (Version A)

14 item questionnaire.

Citations: Hatfield, E. & Sprecher, S. (l986). Measuring passionate love in intimate relations. Journal of Adolescence, 9, 383-4l0.

Hendrick, C., & Hendrick, S. S. (1989). Research on love: Does it measure up? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 784-794.

Fehr, B. (1988). Prototype analysis of the concepts of love and commitment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 557-579.

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Perfectionistic Self Presentation Scale (PSPS)

27 item questionnaire.

Citations: Hewitt, P. L., Flett, G. L., Sherry, S. B., Habke, M., Parkin, M., et al. (2003). The interpersonal expression of perfection: Perfectionistic self-presentation and psychological distress. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(6), 1303-1325. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.84.6.1303

Normative Data for Perfectionistic Self Presentation Scale Subscales of Perfectionistic Self Promotion, Nondisplay of Imperfections, and Nondisclosure of Imperfections for Community, Psychiatric Patient, and University Student Samples.

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Personal Attributes Questionnaire (Spence, Helmreich & Stapp, 1973)

24 item questionnaire.

Citation: Spence, J.T., & Helmreich, R.L. (1978). Masculinity and femininity: Their psychological dimensions, correlates, and antecedents. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

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Procrastination Scale (Lay, 1986) - For student populations

20 item questionnaire.

Citation: Lay, C. (1986). At last, my research article on procrastination. Journal of Research in Personality, 20, 474-495.

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Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin, 1985)

5 item questionnaire.

Citations: Diener, E., Emmons, R.A., Larsen, R.J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction with Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 1-5.

Pavrot, W., & Diener, E. (1993). Review of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Psychological Assessment, 5, 164-172.

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The Body-Esteem Scale (Franzoi & Shields, 1984)

35 item questionnaire regarding feelings on different attributes of an individuals body.

Citations: Franzoi, S.L. (1994). Further evidence of the reliability and validity of the body esteem scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 50, 237-239.

Franzoi, S.L. & Shields, S.A. (1984). The Body-Esteem Scale: Multidimensional structure and sex differences in a college population. Journal of Personality Assessment, 48, 173-178.

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The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (Broadbent, Cooper, FitzGerald & Parkes, 1982)

25 item questionnaire regarding everyday mistakes people make.

Citation: Broadbent, D.E., Cooper, P.F., FitzGerald, P., & Parkes, K.R. (1982). The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) and its correlates. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 21, 1-16.

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The Gratitude Questionnaire-Six Item Form (GQ-6)

6 item questionnaire involving how individuals experience gratitude in their daily life.

Citations: McCullough, M. E., Emmons, R. A., & Tsang, J. (2002). The grateful disposition: A conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 112-127.

Gray, S. A., Emmons, R. A., & Morrison, A. (2001 August). Distinguishing gratitude from indebtedness in affect and action tendencies. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.

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The Internet Addiction Scale

11 item questionnaire.

Citation: Faraci, P., Craparo, G., Messina, R. and Severino, S. (2013). Internet Addiction Test (IAT): Which is the Best Factorial Solution?. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15(10), p.e225.

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The Love Attitudes Scale (Self Assessment)

42 item questionnaire.

Citations: Hendrick, C. & Hendrick, S. (1986). A theory and method of love. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 392-402.

Sprecher, S. & Fehr, B. (2005). Compassionate love for close others and humanity. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 22, 629-651.

Feeney, J. A. & Noller, P. (1990). Attachment style as a predictor of adult romantic relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 281-291.

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Trust Scale (Rempel, Holmes & Zanna, 1985) – Trust within close interpersonal relationships

17 item questionnaire.

Citation: Rempel, J.K., Holmes, J.G. & Zanna, M.P. (1985). Trust in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 95-112.

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Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale - Leary (1983)

12 item questionnaire.

Citations: Leary, M. R. (1983). A brief version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 9, 371-376.

Rodebaugh, T. L., Woods, C. M., Thissen, D. M., Heimberg, R. G., Chambless, D. L., & Rapee, R. M. (2004). More information from fewer questions: The factor structure and item properties of the original and Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale. Psychological Assessment, 16, 169 –181.

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Cambridge Friendship Questionnaire

35 item questionnaire.

Citation: Baron-Cohen, Simon & Wheelwright, Sally. (2003). The Friendship Questionnaire: An Investigation of Adults with Asperger Syndrome or High-Functioning Autism, and Normal Sex Differences. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 33. 509-517. 10.1023/A%3A1025879411971.

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Current Thoughts Scale (Heatherton & Polivy, 1991) – A measure of state self-esteem

20 item questionnaire.

Citation: Heatherton, T.F. & Polivy, J. (1991). Development and validation of a scale for measuring state self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 895-910.

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Dieting Beliefs Scale (Stotland & Zuroff, 1990) – A measure of weight locus of control

16 item questionnaire

Citation: Stotland, S. & Zuroff, D.C. (1990). A new measure of weight locus of control: The Dieting Beliefs Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 54, 191-203.

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Differential Loneliness Scale – short student version (Schmidt & Sermat, 1983)

20 item questionnaire.

Citation: Schmidt, N. & Sermat, V. (1983). Measuring loneliness in different relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 1038-1047.

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Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)

26 item questionnaire. It regards characteristics of eating disorders.

Citation: Garner, D.M., Olmsted, M.P., Bohr, Y., and Garfinkel, P.E. (1982). The Eating Attitudes Test: Psychometric features and clinical correlates. Psychological Medicine, 12, 871-878.

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Life Orientation Test (LOT-R)

10 item questionnaire.

Citations: Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1063-1078.

Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Segerstrom, S. C.(2010). Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 879-889.

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Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MC-SDS)

33 item questionnaire.

Citation: Crowne, D. P., & Marlowe, D. (1960). A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 24(4) 349-354. doi: 10.1037/h0047358.

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10 Item Big 5 Personality

Citation: Gosling, S. D., Rentfrow, P. J., & Swann, W. B., Jr. (2003). A Very Brief Measure of the Big Five Personality Domains. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 504-528.

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Emotional Stroop Task (Positive & Neutral conditions only)

Citation: Stroop, J. R. (1935). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18(6), 643–662.

Stimuli from: Stevenson, R.A., Mikels, J.A. & James, T.W. Characterization of the Affective Norms for English Words by discrete emotional categories. Behavior Research Methods 39, 1020–1024 (2007).

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Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS)

Citation: Zimet, G.D., Dahlem, N.W., Zimet, S.G. & Farley, G.K. (1988). The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52, 30-41.

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Oxford Happiness Questionnaire

Citation: Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2002). The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire: a compact scale for the measurement of psychological well‐being. Personality and Individual Differences, 33, 1073–1082.

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Patient Health Questionnaire—PHQ-8

Citation: Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JB. The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure. J Gen Intern Med. 2001 Sep;16(9):606-13. doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1497.2001.016009606.x.

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Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)

Citation: Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., and Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 386-396.

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Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)

Citation: Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063–1070.

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Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (SES)

Citation: ROSENBERG , M. ( 1965 ) Society and the adolescent self-image . Princeton, NJ : Princeton Univer. Press .

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Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS)

Citation: LYUBOMIRSKY , S. , & LEPPER , H. ( 1999 ) A measure of subjective happiness: preliminary reliability and construct validation . Social Indicators Research , 46 , 137 - 155 .

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Highlight Text with Mouse

Adds the ability to highlight text. This code is not polished and does, in its current state, come with caveats - more information provided in task.

**Use at your own peril **

If you make or have improvements to this code please let us know by emailing

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Consent & Demographics (example)

An example of a questionnaire including a consent question and basic demographic questions (age, gender).

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Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire

Pintrich, P.R., Smith, D.A.F., García, T., & McKeachie, W.J. (1991). A manual for the use of the motivated strategies questionnaire (MSLQ)

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Digit Span Task (visual - forward/backward)

Digit Span task with random generation of stimuli.

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HEXACO Personality Inventory (100 item) - Self report form

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HEXACO Personality Inventory (60 item) - Self report form

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Health Opinion Survey

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Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MACS) Scale

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Perceived Arousal Scale

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Conducted at University of Salford
Published on 21 September 2019
Corresponding author William Royle University of Salford